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Common vaccine could reverse advanced diabetes cases, study finds

Scientists from Massachusetts General Hospital announced breakthrough findings Thursday for people living with Type 1 diabetes.

>> Read more trending news 

According to the new research published in the journal npj Vaccines, a common vaccine for tuberculosis (the bacillus Calmette-Guérrin, or BCG, vaccine) could reverse advanced cases of the disease by permanently lowering blood sugar levels.

Lead researcher Denise Faustman and her team examined data on 282 individuals, 52 of whom had Type 1 diabetes and participated in the BCG clinical trials and 230 of whom contributed blood samples.

>> Related: Diabetes after age 50 could be sign of pancreatic cancer, study says

Those participating in the clinical trials (average disease duration of 19 years) were given the vaccine twice four weeks apart and then studied for about eight years following treatment.

Regular monitoring throughout the eight-year study found that HbA1c levels of individuals receiving the vaccine dropped by more than 10 percent at the three-year mark and by more than 18 percent after four years of treatment. These levels reached near-normal figures five years after treatment.

>> Related: Diabetes after age 50 could be sign of pancreatic cancer, study says

HbA1c refers to glycated hemoglobin, which develops when hemoglobin, the red blood cell protein that carries oxygen throughout the body, is combined with glucose in the blood.

Participants treated with BCG were found to have an average HbA1c of 6.65 four years later. The threshold for diabetes diagnosis is close to an HbA1c of 6.5.

"If they get vaccinated twice, there's a delay. But then, after about 3.5 years, their blood sugars come down, not to the total normal range, but near normal range," Faustman told ABC affiliate WCVB.

>> Related: Scientists may have found a way to reverse type 2 diabetes

Individuals in that near normal range have dramatically reduced risk of associated complications, such as renal disease, heart disease and blindness.

The vaccine, according to the researchers, helps the body boost production of tumor necrosis factor, a hormone especially beneficial to Type 1 diabetics.

In 2001, Faustman's team first reported that inducing TNF production may cure Type 1 diabetes in mice, “but since TNF dosing is toxic in humans, clinical trials have utilized BCG for its ability to elevate TNF levels safely,” Medical Xpress reported.

>> Related: Loneliness increases your risk of Type 2 diabetes, study suggests

The MGH researchers also noted that BCG may reduce blood sugar elevations in mice caused by non-autoimmune attacks. This raises the possibility that the vaccines may even be beneficial against Type 2 diabetes.

Faustman is also expected to present five-year follow-up results of a separate group of BCG clinical trial participants at the 78th Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association in Orlando, Florida on Saturday, June 23.

The researchers plan to replicate these findings with another trial currently underway.

 >> Related: Men with obese wives have increased risk of diabetes, researchers say 

Approximately 1.25 million American children and adults have Type 1 diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association.

In Type 1 diabetes, the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are “mistakenly attacked and destroyed by the immune system,” according to Medical News Today.

And in Type 2, the most common category of diabetes accounting for 90-95 percent of all cases, the body’s cells either stop responding to insulin or the beta cells can’t produce enough of the hormone.

>> Related: This is what 12 Diet Cokes a day can do to your body, according to Atlanta nutritionists 

People suffering from either type of the disease have blood sugar levels that can become too high. This condition is called hyperglycemia and can lead to kidney disease, heart disease and more if it’s not properly controlled or treated.

Officer was sworn in hours before killing unarmed teen, mayor says

An East Pittsburgh police officer who shot and killed an unarmed 17-year-old running from a traffic stop Tuesday night was sworn in just hours before the fatal encounter.

Mayor Louis Payne told WPXI Wednesday that the unidentified officer who killed Antwon Michael Rose, of Rankin, previously spent seven years working in other departments, but confirmed that he was working his first shift following his official swearing in with the East Pittsburgh Police Department.

Allegheny County police officials said that Rose was a passenger in a vehicle stopped in East Pittsburgh around 8:20 p.m. Tuesday because it fit the description of a car seen fleeing the area of a shooting in the nearby borough of North Braddock. As an officer handcuffed the driver of the car, which investigators said had bullet damage to the back window, Rose and a second passenger got out of the car and ran. 

Footage of the shooting posted on Facebook Tuesday shows the scene from a distance. The 18-second video shows Rose and the other passenger, who has not been found by police, get out of the car and make a break for the yard between two nearby houses.

Three shots are heard and one of the passengers appears to fall into the grass.

“Why are they shooting at him?” the woman recording the traffic stop says. “Why are they shooting? All they did was run and they’re shooting at them!”

Rose, who police officials said was struck three times, was taken to McKeesport Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. 

The Allegheny County medical examiner on Thursday ruled the teen’s death a homicide.

Though officers said they found two guns in the car after the shooting, Rose was not armed when he was shot, police officials said

Click here to watch the footage of the shooting. Warning: Some viewers might find the images too graphic.

The officer who killed the teen has been placed on administrative leave while the Allegheny County police’s Homicide Unit investigates the shooting. Allegheny County District Attorney Stephen Zappala Jr. issued a statement Thursday in which he said he had met with police officials, but that the investigation into Rose’s death remained ongoing. 

“Out of respect for the grieving process that the family and friends of Mr. Rose are going through and the upcoming Monday funeral for Mr. Rose, District Attorney Zappala will not have any further comment until next week.”

CBS News reported that the officers at the scene were not wearing body cameras. Their patrol cars also had no cameras.

>> Read more trending news

The shooting has sparked protests, including a protest of hundreds that shut down the street outside the Allegheny County Courthouse Thursday morning.  WPXI livestreamed the protest on Facebook.

Hundreds of people also gathered Wednesday night, despite rain pouring down on them. 

Rose’s family has hired civil rights attorney Lee Merritt, who talked to WPXI Thursday morning near the scene of the teen’s death. Merritt said he was looking for witnesses to the shooting to determine what the officer might have seen as Rose and the other passenger fled. 

Merritt told the news station that Rose’s family wants the officer to be treated the same as anyone who was shown, on video, shooting a man who was running away.

“If you take away the uniform and you put that same video out there, we believe that an arrest would have been made by now,” Merritt said. “Not necessarily a conviction, because that’s a process and everyone is entitled to due process.”

He said officers accused of misconduct should be treated like everyone else.

“It’s very difficult to find justification for the use of deadly force given the facts as they were presented in that video,” Merritt said. “Antwon and the other young man did not appear to present any harm or danger to that officer or anyone.”

He said Rose’s family is devastated by his death. 

“Every day that they wake up, they’re hoping that this is all a bad dream,” Merritt said

First lady Melania Trump makes unannounced visit to child migrant detention center

First lady Melania Trump made an unannounced visit to Texas on Thursday, one day after her husband signed an executive order ending his administration’s controversial policy of separating migrant children and parents at the U.S.-Mexico border.

>> Read more trending news

Update 3:10 p.m. EDT June 21: Trump was criticized for the coat she chose to wear while boarding the plane en route to McAllen on Thursday morning.

Her spokeswoman confirmed to CNN that the first lady wore an olive green jacket that said on the back "I really don't care. Do U?"

"It's a jacket. There was no hidden message," Stephanie Grisham, the first lady's spokeswoman, told reporters. "After today's important visit to Texas, I hope this isn't what the media is going to choose to focus on."

Original report: The first lady toured a pair of facilities for migrant children, including the Upbring New Hope Children's Center. The facility is holding 55 children, officials said.

Trump thanked employees of the children’s center and said she wanted to “help to get these children reunited with their families as quickly as possible.”

In a statement released Thursday, the first lady’s spokeswoman, Stephanie Grisham, said Trump was visiting a customs and border patrol processing center and a nonprofit social services center for children who have entered the U.S. illegally.

>> Photos: Melania Trump visits facilities for migrant children in Texas

“Her goals are to thank law enforcement and social service providers for their hard work, lend support and hear more on how the administration can build upon the already existing efforts to reunite children with their families,” Grisham said.

>> Trump signs executive order ending migrant family separations 

Trump previously said in a statement through Grisham that she “hates to see children separated from their families.”

"She believes we need to be a country that follows all laws, but also a country that governs with heart," Grisham said, according to CNN.

Wyoming family reunited 3 years later with dog who went missing in Iowa

A Wyoming family was reunited with a dog who went missing in Idaho nearly three years ago.

KSFY reported that the George family’s dog, Ginger, went missing in Burlington, Iowa, in August 2015.

Jennifer George, of Ucross, Wyoming, was visiting her husband BJ while he was on a business trip in Iowa and took their family dog with her to avoid leaving her in a kennel when Ginger got loose and went missing.

>> Read more trending news 

George stayed behind after the trip to look for Ginger, who originally belonged to her late mother. Despite spending hundreds of dollars on ads and signs, she came up with nothing.

Three years later, Des Moines County Humane Society director Kandi Glick responded to calls about a loose dog near a car wash. 

“We started getting a lot of calls saying there was a dog running loose in town,” Glick told KSFY. “People said they saw a deceased dog, so I’d go to the spot where they'd say it was, and it wouldn't be there.”

Glick said the dog was seen hundreds of times to the point that residents thought she belonged to someone in the neighborhood behind the car wash, but she had been living in the woods near the facility.

Glick set up a trap on June 8 and, according to a Facebook post, was able to rescue the red heeler. 

“This is really funny to say, but McDonald's saved her life. People dumped food at the car wash and its McDonald's, its Taco Bell, its Burger King and she was digging every night in the trash,” Glick said. “The water that people washed their cars with, it’s just amazing she survived. We don’t know how she did it.

“Just for the record, the shelter does not have anything to do with the trapping of animals. This is something that I do on my own to help animals and people outside of my job at the Des Moines County Humane Society. I featured the post on our page more as an informational piece so people knew that this dog was finally caught. She has been spotted hundreds of times over the last three years.”

The dog, who Glick named Hope, was photographed and posted on missing pets sites. Word got around, and some people recalled a dog that went missing in the area three years ago. Glick was able to contact the Georges and send them footage of Ginger.

“Her undercoat had grown out, she was twice as big as she is now, she had a lot of matting on her and of course, after three years her face has aged, so it just didn't look like the same dog,” Glick said.

A good wash and haircut revealed the purple and lime green collar Ginger had on when she went missing. Although faded, it was recognizable. They new it was Ginger.

Jennifer George and her 10-year-old daughter, Samantha, drove through a hail storm to meet Glick and Ginger halfway in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, to reunite.

Although she was confused at first, Ginger soon recognized Samantha and cozied up to Jennifer George.

Because she was out on the street for so long, Ginger is heartworm positive. The family will be paying for the treatment in Wyoming.

Boy sick of eating salad calls 911 on parents -- twice

A 12-year-old boy decided he had enough and called 911 to report that his parents were forcing him to eat salad.

Police said he was so distressed that he called 911 twice, the CBC reports.

In the first call, the boy stated that one of his parents made a salad he didn’t like. Before police arrived, he called 911 again to see how much longer he would have to wait for a police officer, reiterating how much he disliked salad.

>> Read more trending news 

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police decided to give him a break and use this as a teaching moment for the family.

“While many can relate to the dislike of a salad at times, this raises a more important issue that warrants discussion at all ages,” Cpl. Dal Hutchison posted on Facebook. “The improper use of 911 is an issue with all age groups and it ties up valuable resources, preventing emergency first responders from dealing with real emergencies.”

When asked what type of salad it was, Hutchinson told the CBC, “Obviously one to his dislike, because he called 911.”

Hutchinson said the 12-year-old's parents "were not impressed" with what their son had done when police arrived at their door.

After a conversation with the family, officers decided not to fine the boy for misusing 911 emergency services. 

Trump pushes for reform as House delays immigration vote

Lawmakers delayed a planned vote on a Republican immigration reform bill Thursday after a separate, more conservative immigration bill failed to pass the House of Representatives.

>> Read more trending news

President Donald Trump invited Democratic leaders to the White House earlier Thursday as he continued to push for Congress to address immigration.

"We should be able to do a bill,” Trump said. "I'd invite them to come to the White House any time they want. This afternoon would be good. After the Cabinet meeting would be good."

>> What does the new executive order on immigration do; can migrants be held indefinitely?

Update 2:45 p.m. EDT June 21:  The Justice Department has asked a federal judge to change the rules around the detention of child migrants one day after the president ended his administration’s policy of children from parents at the border, The Associated Press reported.

Officials aim to change rules governed by the Flores settlement, which requires the government to release children from custody after 20 days to their parents, adult relatives or other caretakers, in order of preference.

>> Time cover: Photo of little girl crying at border, Trump illustrates immigration debate

The move is aimed at stopping the separation of children from their families amid a new policy where anyone caught crossing the border is charged criminally.

Update 2:25 p.m. EDT June 21: The House of Representatives on Thursday rejected one of two proposed GOP immigration reform bills, according to Cox Media Group's Jamie Dupree.

Meanwhile, aides said the House will wait until Friday to vote on a second immigration bill, The Associated Press reported.

Update 1:18 p.m. EDT June 21: Trump discussed the need for immigration reform during a cabinet meeting Thursday, citing national security concerns.

Update 12:20 p.m. EDT June 21: First lady Melania Trump is making an unannounced visit to the U.S.-Mexico border Thursday.

Melania Trump was in Texas on Thursday morning and planned to tour two facilities holding child immigrants, CNN reported.

She previously spoke out against the policy of separating migrant children and parents at the border.

"Mrs. Trump hates to see children separated from their families and hopes both sides of the aisle can finally come together to achieve successful immigration reform," said her spokeswoman, Stephanie Grisham, according to CNN. "She believes we need to be a country that follows all laws, but also a country that governs with heart."

The Trump administration policy was ended Wednesday by an executive order from the president.

>> Photos: Melania Trump visits facilities for migrant children in Texas

Update 12:10 p.m. EDT June 21: House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi on Thursday called a pair of proposed Republican immigration reform bills a “compromise with the devil.”

She said that the bills make Republicans complicit in Trump’s “zero tolerance” immigration policy. The policy, which directs prosecutors to pursue cases against any person suspected of coming to the country illegally, resulted in the separation of hundreds of children from their parents at the border.

Update 11:55 a.m. EDT June 21: House Speaker Paul Ryan said officials are working on reuniting families that have been separated in recent weeks at the border.

“I believe (the Department of Homeland Security) is working on that,” Ryan said Thursday at a news briefing. “We obviously want to have families reunited.”

>> Airlines taking stand in immigration crisis, refusing to fly separated migrant children

He said DHS officials are working with the Department of Health and Human Services to bring the families back together.

“What we’re trying to do is put the families at the head of the queue so they can be adjudicated faster,” he said.

The Trump administration in April directed prosecutors to pursue cases against all people suspected of crossing the border illegally as part of a “zero tolerance” immigration enforcement policy. Parents were separated from their children as they faced prosecution. Nearly 2,000 children were separated from their families over a six-week period in April and May, according to the Department of Homeland Security.

>> First lady Melania Trump makes unannounced visit to child migrant detention center

Trump ended the policy Wednesday with an executive order days after he first started calling on Congress to stop the separations through legislation.

The House is set to vote Thursday on a pair of Republican immigration reform bills, although neither appeared likely to succeed.

Original report: “The Border has been a big mess and problem for many years,” Trump wrote. “At some point (Senate Minority Leader Chuck) Schumer and (House Minority Leader Nancy) Pelosi, who are weak on Crime and Border security, will be forced to do a real deal, so easy, that solves this long time problem.”

The president’s tweet comes one day after he ended his administration’s much-derided policy of separating migrant children from parents at the border and as the House readies to debate and vote on a pair of Republican immigration reform bills.

>> Trump signs executive order ending migrant family separations

It was not immediately clear whether the bills would be successful. House Republican leaders were still trying Thursday morning to build support for one negotiated among conservative and moderate factions of the GOP, although the measure is unlikely to pick up much, if any, Democratic support.

 >> From Jamie Dupree: House to vote on two GOP immigration bills – both may fail

Ahead of the planned vote, the president accused Democrats of “only looking to Obstruct” the immigration bills in order to gain political clout ahead of the mid-term elections.

“What is the purpose of the House doing good immigration bills when you need 9 votes by Democrats in the Senate, and the Dems are only looking to Obstruct (which they feel is good for them in the Mid-Terms),” Trump wrote Thursday morning in a tweet. “Republicans must get rid of the stupid Filibuster Rule-it is killing you!”

>> Trump ends migrant family separations: Read the executive order

Trump signed an executive order Wednesday to end his administration’s policy of separating migrant children from parents suspected of coming to the country illegally at the border. The controversial policy was a result of Trump’s “zero tolerance” immigration enforcement push announced in April.

Nearly 2,000 children were separated from their families over a six-week period in April and May, according to the Department of Homeland Security.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Washington woman admits to cheating Costco out of nearly $300,000

A woman from Puyallup, Washington pleaded guilty to embezzling nearly $300,000 from Costco over a five-year period.

Robin Cline, 54, pleaded guilty to federal wire fraud charges on Wednesday, according to documents filed in U.S District Court.

>> Read more trending news 

Cline was an accounts receivable clerk at a Costco warehouse from 1996 to 2016, according to court documents obtained by KIRO. She was in charge of processing payments and refunds from Costco customers, along with other day-to-day transactions. 

Cline embezzled money from Costco by adding false or fraudulent entries into Costco member accounts, including refunds, credits and other charges that appeared to be credited back to Costco members, court documents state.

She would double-charge orders, which Costco would reimburse, and divert customer credit rewards into her own bank account, or her son’s bank account. 

According to authorities, she created nearly 300 false and fraudulent reports between April 2011 and July 2016.

Cline is expected to be sentenced in September, 

She has reportedly agreed to repay the money.

The Associated Press contributed to this story

What does the new executive order on immigration do; can migrants be held indefinitely?

After days of outrage over photos and audio recordings of migrant children held in detention centers crying for their parents, President Donald Trump signed an executive order Wednesday designed to end the practice of separating families apprehended after they illegally cross the U.S. border.

>> Read more trending news

Since April, some 2,300 children have been separated from their parents who, under a recently enacted zero tolerance policy, were arrested as they crossed the border and referred to the Justice Department for criminal prosecution. 

“We’re going to have strong — very strong — borders, but we are going to keep the families together,” Trump said after signing the order. “I didn’t like the sight or the feeling of families being separated.”

<<Is the immigration separation policy new, where did it come from, where are the detention centers?

The zero tolerance policy applied to all adults, whether they crossed the border alone or with their children. If they had children with them, the children were sent to detention centers and the adults went to jail.

Here is what the new executive order does and does not do:

Allows families to be detained together under DHS authority

According to the order, families who are detained for illegally entering the country together will be put into the custody of the Department of Homeland Security. This is different from the previous practice, which sent adults who entered the country illegally to the custody of the Justice Department where they were criminally prosecuted. If they entered with children, the children were put in the custody of the Department of Health and Human Services.

The DHS is now charged with keeping families together in custody until the criminal case against the adults and the immigration case against the family are completed.

The executive order says families will stay together "where appropriate and consistent with law and available resources."

Moves immigration cases of detained families to the front of the line

The new order directs the Justice Department to prioritize (or move up in line) the cases of migrant families. This means other immigration cases can be pushed back. A backlog already exists in immigration courts. Those courts are run by the Justice Department. 

Orders Jeff Sessions to ask a federal court to allow families to be detained for as long as necessary

The order calls for U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions to ask a court to reverse a decision that required the federal government to place children brought into the country illegally with a close relative or family friend “without unnecessary delay,” and to keep children in the “least restrictive conditions” possible if they do not have a family member of friend to take them.

Sessions’ request for the reversal of the court decision on the Flores settlement can lead to a situation where the government would be able to detain families for as long as it took to get the criminal and asylum cases to work their way through the system, despite the fact that those cases will be given priority. 

The Flores settlement, which began as a class-action lawsuit, addressed migrant children being kept with their parents and those in the country without their parents and set the time they could be held in detention at 20 days.

Orders other federal agencies to set up detention centers

The Department of Defense and other federal agencies have been put on notice that facilities that house families will need to be prepared. According to the Washington Post, Lt. Col. Jamie Davis, a Pentagon spokesman, said three Defense Department locations in Texas Fort Bliss, Goodfellow Air Force Base and Dyess Air Force Base, and one in Arkansas, Little Rock Air Force Base, are being considered for use in housing migrant families.  

What it does not do:

Doesn't reunite already separated families

The order did not spell out what would happen to some 2,300 children already separated from their parents since the zero tolerance policy went into effect in April. 

"It is still very early and we are awaiting further guidance on the matter," Brian Marriott, HHS' families division's senior director of communications, said Wednesday. "Our focus is on continuing to provide quality services and care to the minors in HHS/ORR funded facilities and reunifying minors with a relative or appropriate sponsor as we have done since HHS inherited the program. Reunification is always the ultimate goal of those entrusted with the care of UACs, and the administration is working towards that for those UACs currently in HHS custody."

>>Trump ends migrant family separations: Read the executive order

 

 

 

The 10 most dangerous summer toys of 2018, according to experts

All-terrain vehicles, slingshots and backyard water slides are among the most dangerous toys for kids during summer 2018, according to a new report from World Against Toys Causing Harm, or (WATCH).

The consumer watchdog group released its report of 10 top “summer safety traps” on the first day of summer, as more children start to get out and enjoy the summer season.

Nearly half of all child injury deaths happen in the summer months, and hospital emergency departments treat about 2.5 million children injured in accidents, WATCH reports.

>> Read more trending news 

WATCH’s Top 10 Summer Safety Traps for 2018

1. Water balloon slingshots: Slingshots can shoot ammunition with great force, with the potential for projectile eye and face injuries. 

The Black Series Outdoor Slingshot Target Game warns, “This is a potentially powerful slingshot, please use caution at all times.”

The Bunch O Balloons Slingshot is marketed with the capability to “launch water balloons up to 150 feet” and boasts that you can fill “hundreds of balloons in minutes.”

Balloons are a well-known choking hazard among small kids. WATCH reports that between 2014-2016, five children under age 12 died from choking on a balloon or balloon string.

WATCH also notes that some slingshot toys have inconsistent or confusing marketing -- some products say that it is “not a toy,” while marketing it as a “great game for teenagers and adults.”

2. Lawn darts: Lawn darts used in outdoor games could lead to blunt head force injuries because they are intended to be thrown, WATCH reports. 

While pointed lawn darts have been banned in the U.S. since 1988, modified versions of lawn darts with blunt, weighted bottoms are growing in popularity. 

3. Low-riding wheeled toys (Big Wheels and other plastic tricycles): Big wheels and plastic tricycles that sit low to the ground are dangerous because motorists cannot see them in driveways, or near roads. 

These toys are especially dangerous near pools, and several children have died after falling from a riding toy into a pool.

Adding a tall flag to a low-profile riding toy can help make them more visible to drivers.

4. Backyard in-ground and above-ground pools: Every day, 10 people die in the United States due to accidental drowning.

>>Read: Former Olympic skier Bode Miller's 19-month-old daughter drowns in pool

Sixty-six children under 15 years old drown in above-ground pools every year. In 2015, 347 children under the age of 15 drowned in a pool or spa.

Experts say it’s important to check water safety measures at home every season and remove pools from the yard when not in use. 

Young children are especially at risk when attempting to scale a ladder to get into an above-ground pool.

Safety advocates warn to never leave children unattended around water.

5. All-terrain vehicles: Safety advocates warn that children should not be allowed to operate an all-terrain vehicle at any time, and families should think carefully before letting a child ride as a passenger.

ATVs are at high risk of flipping over. Those who survive often suffer from devastating head, chest and internal trauma. 

Children lack the coordination, reflexes and judgment to avoid crashing ATVs and other motorized vehicles, the American Academy of Pediatrics reports. 

Every year, about 650 people are killed and 100,000 are hurt in ATV accidents. 

Nearly one-third of deadly ATV accidents from 2010 to 2013 involved ATVs being ridden on paved roads or parking lots. 

6. Toys with small parts: Toys with detaching parts can be a choking hazard for small children. While they are a year-round concern, child safety advocates said there have been a number of recent recalls for these types of dangerous toys.

In 2017, nearly 2 million toys with small parts were pulled from store shelves in the U.S. and Canada over safety concerns. 

My First Porsche - Wooden Car was recalled in May because the wheels could detach and create a choking hazard.

Every three minutes, a child is hurt by a toy.

Experts say to check toys for slender parts, pieces that can break off and soft material that could be swallowed and block a young child’s airway.

7. Shallow water: Baby pools, garden buckets, pool covers: Shallow bodies of water in backyards are one of the most overlooked water hazards for kids, experts say. 

Gaps in pool covers or ones that can sag and collect water create a greater drowning risk.

Baby pools are dangerous because they are often left filled with water unattended, without barriers to prevent children from getting in unsupervised. 

Water in other containers, like buckets or fountains, might not look dangerous but can be deadly -- because a child can drown in only 2 inches of water.

According to a 2018 CPSC report, most drowning incidents among children under 5 years old happen at home.

Experts say it is important to empty pools after each use and turn them upside down so they cannot collect rainwater.

8. Backyard water slides: Teens are at risk of neck injuries and paralysis if they play on backyard water slides intended for small children. 

Adults and teens who dive on to Slip ‘N Slide-type water slides could abruptly stop in such a way that it could cause permanent spine injury.

The Little Tikes Wet and Dry First Slide pictured above contains warnings including “This product is not intended for anyone over 60 LBS” and “Because of their size, older children and adults risk spine, head, neck and other life-threatening injuries from using this slide.”

9. High-powered water guns and guns with projectile ammunition: Water guns, bows and arrows or any other toys that “take aim” at another person can cause serious injuries.

Projectile ammunition, even foam darts and water streams, can lead to serious eye injuries.

The Air Warriors Thermal Hunter is sold for ages 6 and up, with four darts, marketed to “blast up to 90 feet.”

Eye injuries to children from non-powder guns, such as airsoft and pellet guns, increased exponentially by more than 500 percent between 2010 and 2012.

45 percent of the estimated 240,000 toy-related injuries in 2016 (107,400), occurred to the head and face area.

10. Bounce houses and backyard trampolines: Colorful, inflatable bounce houses are a birthday party staple, but there have been several reports of bounce houses falling over, or being blown away.

In April, 5 children in South Carolina went to the hospital with injuries after a bounce house became airborne.

From 2003 to 2013, inflatable bounce houses were responsible for approximately over 100,000 injuries and 12 reported deaths.

Backyard trampolines have been associated with catastrophic injuries, including fractures, cervical spine injuries and paralysis.

About 100,000 injuries involving trampolines are reported every year, and there were 22 trampoline deaths between 2000 and 2009, WATCH reports. One in every 200 of these injuries result in permanent neurological damage.

Most trampoline injuries happen at private homes. 

Netting, padding and adult supervision have not prevented trampoline injuries and may provide a false sense of security, experts say.

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